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Glossary of Terms

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Academic
Courses or programs designed to prepare students with skills and knowledge that do not directly apply to a specific career, but can be used--with additional training--in a variety of professions.

Academic Year
Fall and Spring semesters, for example: AY 05-06 refers to academic year 2005 (Fall) - 2006 (Spring).

Advanced Technical Certificate
A certificate that has a specific associate or baccalaureate degree (or, in some circumstances, junior-level standing in a baccalaureate degree program) as prerequisite for admission. It must consist of at least 16 and no more that 50 SCH. It must be focused, clearly related to the prerequisite degree, and justifiable to meet industry or external agency requirements.

Associate
A degree received upon completion of a program of study at a community or technical college, associate-degree granting university or qualified private career school. Traditionally, Associate degrees requires at least 2 but less than 4 years of full-time equivalent college work two years of full-time training to achieve.

Award
The credential granted a student for successful completion of a set curriculum such as a degree or certificate.


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Baccalaureate
A degree received upon completion of a program of study at a university or college. Traditionally, a baccalaureate or bachelor's degree requires four years of full-time education. Also known as a Bachelor's.


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CDR
Career Development Resources: A division under the Texas Workforce Commission Labor Market and Career Information, responsible for facilitating analysis and delivery of education and training supply and employment demand information to individuals and public agencies. In Texas, the CDR serves as the central follow-up entity.

CIP
Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP): a commonly used taxonomy for coding programs (fields of study) and courses offered by education and training providers. It is a federal taxonomy developed by the National Center for Education Statistics of the U.S. Department of Education and used throughout the nation by government agencies and professional associations to establish standard terminology and record-keeping for higher education programs.

Career Schools or Colleges
A nonpublic postsecondary educational institution, offering applied associate degree programs.

Certificate
An award received upon completion of a program of study at a community or technical college. Traditionally, certificates require a year of full-time training.

College
A postsecondary school that may be independent, part of a system, or part of a university. Colleges can offer different types of awards, including Certificate, Associate, and Baccalaureate.

Community
A community college serves the local area around it (it does not have campuses across the state). Community colleges offer Certificate and Associate level programs of study.

Completer
A student who completes a Coordinating Board approved associate degree, certificate, core curriculum or field of study curriculum.

Coordinating Board
A reference to the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board (THECB). The Coordinating Board was created by the Texas Legislature in 1965. The Board is made up of members appointed from across the state by the Governor for six-year terms.

Course
A class, usually semester-long, that teaches a specific subject. A coherent sequence of courses form a program.


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Degree
A level of academic achievement that traditionally takes two or more years to earn. There are different levels of degrees, including Associate and Baccalaureate.

Doctorate
The highest award a student can earn for graduate (post-baccalaureate) study


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Enhanced Skills Certificate
(Formerly called Advanced Skills Certificate) An enhanced skills certificate is associated with an AAS or AAA degree program. It may be Tech-Prep or non-Tech-Prep. It consists of at least six and no more than 15 semester credit hours (9-23 quarter hours) and may extend an AAS or AAA award to an overall total of no more than 87 semester credit hours (126 quarter hours).

Enrollment
Enrollment the number of full- and part-time students enrolled to postsecondary institutions in the Fall or Spring of that year.


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Fice
The Federal Interagency Commission on Education assigns a unique code to each postsecondary school and training institution in the United States; it's a school code.

Field of Study
Approved degree and certificate programs, as well as academic tracks, as reported to the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board by individual schools. They also include approved certificate programs at private career schools certified by the Texas Workforce Commission. The titles of the fields of study stem from the 6-digit level of the 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs, using the codes provided by the Coordinating Board.


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Health Science Center
An academic medical center composed of a medical school and some other school.


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Itegrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS)
IPEDS is a single, comprehensive system designed to encompass all institutions and educational organizations whose primary purpose is to provide postsecondary education. The IPEDS system is built around a series of interrelated surveys to collect institution-level data in such areas as enrollments, program completions, faculty, staff, and finances.


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LMCI
Labor Market and Career Information describes both supply and demand in the world of work. It includes what types of jobs are needed now and in the future, how many people are employed and in which occupations, and how much they earn. Knowing the labor market for your region, state, and county can help you decide which occupations are likely to be in demand in your area.

Leaver
Someone who leaves a school without completing a program and obtaining a formal credential such as degree or certificate. Includes both those who "dropped out" for a variety of reasons and those who completed certain course(s) with no intention of obtaining a degree or certificate.

Local Workforce Development Agency
A workforce development agency (LWDA) plans and implements programs to create a skilled, productive workforce able to meet regional employers' needs. There are currently 28 boards in Texas and they coordinate with the TWC to administer federal employment and training programs at the local level.


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Postsecondary
Postsecondary education refers to education beyond high school, including community college, technical colleges, universities, colleges that offer baccalaureate degree and higher, and private technical schools, as well as certified apprenticeships and on-the-job training. Postsecondary education and training can be provided in traditional classrooms, at worksites, and/or via distance learning facilities.

Private Institution
An educational institution controlled by a private individual(s) or by a nongovernmental agency, usually supported primarily by other than public funds, and operated by other than publicly elected or appointed officials. These institutions may be either for-profit or not-for-profit.

Program
At public community and technical colleges, an approved program consists of a coherent sequence of courses designed to prepare a student for employment in a career field. At public universities and health-related institutions, a degree program is any grouping of subject matter courses which, when satisfactorily completed by a student, entitle the student to a degree.

Proprietary School
A private career school (also known as) seeks to prepare students for immediate hire in specific occupations after they graduate. It usually offers Certificate or associate degrees. Some schools focus on only one type of occupation or industry; others offer a wide range.

Public
Public refers to public funding. A public college or university receives funding from local, state, or federal taxes.


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Quarter
A quarter of the year is three consecutive months. The fourth quarter refers to UI wage data for October, November, and December of the indicated year.


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School
School refers to any postsecondary institution of learning, including Public Community and Technical Colleges, Public Universities and Health Science Centers, Private Industry Training Providers , Independent Colleges and Universities, Associate Degree-granting Proprietary Schools.

Short-Term Workforce Training
Credit programs of 9-14 semester credit hours (sch) or a workforce continuing education program of 144-359 contact hours that meet the requirements of the federal Workforce Investment Act (WIA)

State Training Inventory (STI)
State Training Inventory (STI) is a compilation of Texas education and workforce training providers, their programs, contact information, labor market information, enrollment and graduation data where available. Education and training providers can be public, private and proprietary institutions.


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THECB
The Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board (THECB) is a state agency that coordinates the activities of all the public post-secondary school in Texas.

TWC
The Texas Workforce Commission (TWC) is a state agency that oversees most issues related to employment in Texas, from job training and job search assistance to labor market research and analysis and UI wage data collection. Its commissioners represent workers, employers, and the public. TWC has facilities across Texas to assist job seekers and employers.

Tech-Prep
Tech Prep programs combine secondary and post-secondary program that 1) lead to an Associate degree or two-year Certificate; 2) provide technical preparation in at least one field of engineering technology, applied science, mechanical, industrial, or practical art or trade, or agriculture, health, or business; 3) provide competence in mathematics, science, and communications through a sequential course of study; 4) lead to placement in employment.

Tech-Prep Enhanced Skills Certificate
An award given after a student completes an associate degree (AAS), to reflect an advanced skill level beyond the AAS. The completion of the certificate would qualify students for a higher level of responsibility or salary than would the AAS alone.

Technical
Course or program designed to prepare students for employment in a career field. Also refers to the type of college that offer such courses and programs. Technical colleges offer Certificate and Associate level programs of study. The Texas State Technical College System is a state school with campuses across the state.


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University
A university consists of a number of colleges, such as the College of Liberal Arts, the School of Business, etc. A university generally offers 4-year degrees (Baccalaureate) and above.


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WIA
Workforce Investment Act, A federal program for employment, training, adult education , and vocational rehabilitation delivered through an integrated "one-stop" system. Programs under WIA must be approved and listed in TWC's WIA Eligible Training Provider List. Eligible adults, dislocated workers and youth can participate in WIA.